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 Message Board


We will use the message board on the course page.


  • About text books & lab manuals:  In summary:  DO NOT BUY ANY BOOKS UNTIL YOU TALK TO ME
    BIO 101 / 102 students: DO NOT buy a lab manual for my class. We will talk about textbooks in class.

    BIO 205 students: DO NOT buy a textbook until after the first class meeting. Buy the lab manual authored by ME!!! It is CHEAP!

    ENV 122 students: DO NOT buy anything!


    You have either chosen or been assigned a topic on which research has been conducted recently and/or currently.  Your mission is to conduct RECENT/CURRENT research that is published (within the last 5 years) in legitimate peer-reviewed articles (at least 5 articles).  Read the section on my homepage entitled “what is a legitimate peer-reviewed reference.” At the end of the article you will find an extensive list of reference citations.  DISREGARD the “peer reviewed” filter on the search engine or data base.  Many of the results that you get from these filters ARE NOT peer reviewed.  Judge them the old fashioned way; actually look at the article to see if it is actually peer reviewed.  Most of the points missed on these research projects are due to the use of inappropriate references (not peer reviewed,  too old, wrong format, etc), and improper citation of references.  Your document, and the references that you use and cite must be CURRENT, which we will define this semester as being published within the last FIVE years.
    You MUST format your document in either AMA or APA format, NOT MLA.  Check out the “Additional Information” link for some information on these formats.  The only components of the document for which you must apply this formatting are: 1. in-text citations, and 2. end of document references (citations).
    Plagiarism:  DON’T DO IT!  You CAN be flunked, suspended or even expelled.  Conduct your research then write the document using your own words!  We use a computer tool that compares your text to virtually all published documents.  If you plagiarize you will be caught.  You may include quoted text.  However, there are a few rules that you must follow:  1. Quotes must make up no more than 20% of your document text.  2. Include in-text citation for each quote.  3. All quotes must be fitted with quotation marks, AND must be underlined. 
    Other rules:
    * The body of the paper NOT including the references, or heading info. must contain AT LEAST 1500 words
    * Include the word count on the paper!  …just as you do for lab summaries.
    * Properly type written, computer generated, correct spelling, sentence structure, black type, standard 12 point font.   
    *References/citations:  see the rules above and in the document on my webpage entitled “What is a legitimate peer-reviewed reference.” Not following these is expensive. 
    *If you use a reference from the net you must include an active link = if I cant open the link then the reference does not exist. 
    * These MUST be emailed in the same manner as lab summaries AND as attachments (both ways). 
    * DUE DATE: MUST BE EMAILED TO ME by class time of the last Tuesday of the last FULL week of classes. 
    * If in doubt ASK!
     Follow all of the instructions if you expect me to grade and assign credit for your project.
    Grading rubric:
    *Plagiarized: zero and subject to punishment per the Honor Council
    *Late = zero
    *Project and references not focused on recent research per the rules:  zero
    *Quoted text beyond the minimum:  up to and including zero
    *Short (within 25% of the minimum word count) = -25    Shorter than that = zero
    *Each reference below the minimum = -20
    *Each inadequate reference (too old, improperly formatted) = -10
    *…and there are other ways to mess up


  • What is a legitimate peer-reviewed reference?  Basically, these articles are seriousl science written for scientists, by scientists, and they have been reviewed and approved by scientists.  They follow the format of a scientific paper, beginning with the title, authors names, author affiliation (the university or facility where the research was conducted), an abstract and/or an introduction, then at least results and discussion. At the end of the article you will find an extensive list of reference citations.  Articles in links or journals such as Science Daily are NOT legitimate peer-reviewed publications, and do not fulfill the requirements for your current topics project.  If the article includes advertisements or other non-related window dressing, it surely is not a legitimate peer-reviewed reference.  Look at the full text versions of one or more of the peer-reviewed papers at the links below.  If some of the links are dead, try another.  ALSO, as part of our campus Quality Enhancement Plan, which is entitled Building Better Writers, we have a new writing lab. The faculty director of this lab informs me that students can seek help understanding what constitutes a peer-reviewed scientific article, as well as how to properly cite references in APA and AMA format.


  • Microbiology and Pre-requisites:  Although the CVCC college catalogue specifies one year of college Biology AND one year of college Chemistry, this is not necessary.  HOWEVER if you have not successfully completed AT LEAST one semester of college Biology OR one semester of college A & P you will likely NOT do well in Microbiology.  Those students who have successfully completed BOTH semesters of college Biology OR BOTH semesters of college A & P (assuming you took "good" courses, and you learned the material and concepts) should be well prepared for Microbiology.

  • First day of class:   BIO 101 / 102 and 122 
                                 BIO 150 and 205

  • How to do well in college science AND what you may be doing wrong if you aren't
  • READ THIS before taking the first test
Learning sites
    Careers in the Biological Sciences

     You have found the homepage of

    Dr. Timothy Rhoads
    Professor of Biology
    Science, Math & Engineering Division
    EVERYBODY make sure that you read the "Additional information"  for Current Topics projects.  Use it along with the instructions in your syllabus for Current Topics Projects!
    Send e-mail to Dr. Rhoads

     Neat Links